The importance of thermal insulation
Thermal insulation includes all of the materials and techniques used to limit heat transfer between a cold area and a warm area. It is used in textiles, automotive, industry and, of course, building, primarily to maintain a comfortable temperature inside rooms.
A building’s insulation mus be designed as a whole, with particular attention being paid to thermal bridges. Even when highly efective products are used, the existence of less- or unprotected areas in the building’s thermal envelope can lead to the creation of thermal bridges, causing signifcant heat loss, areas of high humidity and, thus, increased primary energy consumption.
For this reason, it is important to create an envelope of continuous thermal insulation around a building’s components.
The beneficial effects of this approach include:
- The reduction of primary energy consumption and maintenance costs.
- The reduction of greenhouse gases produced by fossil fuel combustion and, as a result, a decreased impact on global warming and climate change.
- The elimination of thermal bridges and, therefore, less risk of condensation.
- The reduction of random heat losses and rises, which has a significant impact on the comfort and stability of the indoor environment year-round.